Preserve, Protect and Educate about New Jersey’s Civil War Heritage
New Jersey Civil War Heritage Assn PO Box 442, Wood-Ridge, NJ 07075 Info@njcivilwar.org
FLAGS UNVEILING WEDNESDAY DECEMBER 28, 2016 In   2010,   the   NJCWHA   was   instrumental   in   setting   up   the   Civil   War   Flags   Gallery   in Trenton,   and   we   have assisted   in   expanding   and   improving   the   exhibits   there   since   then.   The   New   Jersey   State   House   Flag Collection   consists   of   191   flags,   132   of   which   are   Civil   War   related.   Fifty   of   these   flags   were   selected   for display   in   the   Gallery,   which   has   specially   designed   display   cases   (the   flags   are   big,   most   being   6   feet square).   Due   to   space   constraints   only   five   flags   can   be   displayed   at   a   time.   In   2010,   a program   was initiated to change the flags on display every six months, in June and in late December. We   owe   many   thanks   to   State   Museum   Cultural   Curator   Nicholas Ciotola for his interest and help in showing the flags.  The   next   flags   unveiling   will   be   held   at   12   noon   on   Wednesday, December   28,   2016.   As   he   does   at   each   unveiling,   NJCWHA   Vice President   David   Martin   will   give   a   gallery   talk   on   the   history   of   the collection   and   on   the   unique   history   of   each   flag.   New   flags   being put   in   display   in   December   are   from   the   1 st    ,   5 th    and   11 th    Infantry Regiments,   the   3 rd    Cavalry,   and   a   Confederate   battle   flag   captured by   the   7 th    New   Jersey   at   the   battle   of   Chancellorsville.   A   brief history of each of these flags is given below. The   Civil   War   Flags   Gallery   is   located   at   225   West   State   Street   in   Trenton . Ample   parking   is   available   in the State House garage, or at parking meters on State Street. FLAG HISTORIES NJCWHA Vice President David Martin has been studying the state’s Civil War flags for the past twenty years and is currently preparing a definitive book on them through funding from the New Jersey Civil War Sesquicentennial Committee. If you have a special interest in the flags of a special unit or would like him to speak for your historical or library group, just let him know. Pictures of all the NJ Civil War flags are available, thanks to Joe Bilby, at the New Jersey Militia Museum website: http://www.nj.gov/military/museum/civil_war/ Below are summary histories of the flags being put in display this December. No. 3. Regimental Color with Federal Eagle, 1st Regiment, Infantry, 1861. The 1st Infantry was raised at Camp Olden in Trenton in May 1861 and served in the First New Jersey Brigade, Army of the Potomac, and saw heavy service until mustered out in 1864. The flag is typical of early war regimental flags by featuring a Federal eagle carrying a scroll with the regiment’s name and number; above the eagle are the 34 stars of the Union. (Later regimental flags usually bore the shield of New Jersey). This flag was made by Horstmann Brothers & Company of Philadelphia in the fall of 1861. It is in fair shape today and saw considerable battle action before being retired in the fall of 1863. Size: 67.75” by 73”. No. 32. National Color with State Seal in the Canton, 5th Regiment, Infantry, 1861. The 5th Infantry was raised in Camp Olden in Trenton in September 1861. It served as part of the so-called Second New Jersey Brigade until it was consolidated with the 7th Regiment in November 1864. This flag was made by Horstmann Brothers of Philadelphia in the fall of 1861 and features a unique canton with the state seal resting between seventeen stars above and seventeen stars below. Notice also the narrow width of the canton. Evidence suggest is that the flag was retired in the fall of 1863. Size: 67” x 70.25”. No. 56. National Color with Battle Honors, 11th Regiment, Infantry, 1863.  The 11th Regiment was raised at Camp Olden in Trenton in August 1862 and served until the end of the war, being mustered out in July 1865. It served in the 3rd Corps until 1864, when that corps was discontinued and the regiment was assigned to the 2nd Corps. The 11th regiment fought in all the major battles of the Army of the Potomac except Antietam and Fredericksburg. The flag’s oval star pattern may seem unusual to us today, but was actually the most common star pattern used on national flags at the time. This flag was made by the Philadelphia firm of Evans & Hassall in the fall of 1863. It was issued to the regiment on November 20, 1863, “to take the place of the battle worn ones that had been returned.” The inscribed battle honors, which all date to 1863 and include Chancellorsville and Gettysburg, were added in April 1864. Size: 72.75” x 74”. No. 115. Regimental Color with State Seal, 36th Regiment (3rd Cavalry), 1864. The 3rd Cavalry was organized at Camp Bayard in Trenton in early 1864. It served in the Virginia theater of war until mustered out in August 1865. Its men wore fancy European “hussar” style uniforms with so many braids and buttons that they were known as the “Butterflies” (see flag No. 8). This regimental flag is interesting for having a well painted state seal surrounded by a circle of stars. It is probably the flag made for the regimental by the Philadelphia firm of Evans & Hassall in May 1864. Size: 46” x 46” No. 136. Confederate Battle Flag, 1862. This flag is one of five Confederate flags captured by the 7th  New Jersey Regiment at the battle of Chancellorsville on the morning of May 3, 1863. The identity of the regiment to which it belonged is not known. A total of seven Confederate flags are still part of the New Jersey State House Flags Collection, after a number were returned South in the past 100 years. Another similar confederate flag also captured by the 7th NJ at the same battle now hangs in the National Park Service Visitors Center at Chancellorsville, VA.  Size: 46.5” by 47.3”
1st New Jersey Infantry Regimental Colors 1861 5th New Jersey Infantrty National Colors 1861 3rd NJ Cavalry Regimental Colors 1864 Confederate Flag Captured by 7th NJ at Chancellorsville, VA 1863 11th New Jersey National Colors 1863 New Jersey
New Jersey Flags on Display at the Flag Gallery
Civil War Heritage Assn